The simulated lunar walk on Earth is NASA's preparation for astronauts who plan to walk on the lunar surface as soon as 2025.

This month, astronauts are trekking to a special environment where they will encounter conditions as close to the moon as possible without leaving Earth: the Arizona desert.

NASA officials on October 3, said in a statement: "the Arizona desert have many similar characteristics to the environment, including challenging terrain, geological and the least interesting communications infrastructure, all of these are astronauts during the o's mission will experience near the moon's South Pole."

The astronauts set foot in areas with thousands of extinct volcanoes and other geological features similar to the lunar environment.

In fact, the Arizona desert has been the ultimate training ground for lunar exploration since the Apollo era, when the first astronauts set foot there in 1967

55 years later, o's plans for training has brought new challenges: Apollo missions near side of the moon landing near the equator.

And o's plan will see astronauts on the moon's most undeveloped land at the South Pole, looking for water ice, ice water can be used as drinking water, breathable air, even (through electrolysis) into a rocket fuel and to maintain long-term settlement.

NASA stressed that Arizona's environment could be repurposed for new lunar domains to prepare astronauts.

To simulate a lunar walk, Feustel and Cadman donned a spacesuit model while maneuvering to collect samples of tripterygium (lunar soil).

Their journey was analysed by a scientific team and guided by a flight control team.

Astronauts and engineers from NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency will live in one of these rovers, which are like space RVS that travel across the moon under the supervision of mission control.