There are eight planets in the solar system. The earth is located on the third orbit, and the distance from the sun is about 150 million kilometers. In astronomy, this distance is defined as an astronomical unit. Four of the eight planets are rocky bodies and four are gaseous planets. The most notable is Jupiter, which ranks second in the solar system. Because Jupiter's mass and volume are well-deserved first in the solar system except for the sun.
The Jupiter we usually see in the news is like an oil painting, and some of them can even compete with Van Gogh's masterpiece "Starry Sky". But while we lament the beauty of Jupiter's photos, let's not forget that hidden beneath these colorful bands are the most severe terrifying storms in the solar system.
Judging from the results of so many years of detection, Jupiter has been plagued by terrible storms for billions of years. The atmosphere on Jupiter's surface is several times thicker than that of Earth, and the atmosphere is full of tumbling clouds that surround Jupiter.
Huge storms on Jupiter are created by the convective motion of Jupiter's atmosphere. These storms can cause materials, such as phosphorus, sulfur, and hydrocarbons, to travel above the clouds from closer to the planet's core, creating the white, brown, and red spots we see on Jupiter's surface.
Jupiter is similar to the sun in its material composition. The main components of the gas on Jupiter's surface are hydrogen and helium nuclei. But gas giants are generally thought to have a rocky core surrounded by liquid metallic hydrogen, and gaseous matter on the outside. And the composition is similar to that of the sun, but the mass and volume of the sun are much larger than that of Jupiter.
We live on Earth, and Jupiter is billions of light-years away. When you look at it in the dark, Jupiter is just a brighter star in the sky. But in fact Jupiter played an important role in the continuation of life on Earth.
Scientists have found that the origin of life requires a long-term stable environment, and in the solar system, the location of the earth happens to belong to an environment that is not far or near. In the solar system, the planets influence and restrict each other, and Jupiter can be said to be the greatest help to the earth.
Because Jupiter plays the role of a "broom" in the universe, Jupiter's existence sweeps away most of the uninvited guests from the earth. Those asteroids and huge meteorites will be intercepted after encountering Jupiter, reducing the chance of hitting the earth. For example, there are often some small comets or meteorites in the universe that shuttle back and forth in the dark space. If they often hit the earth, then the earth may become a barren land, so that life cannot be born.
At present, several large-scale biological extinction events on the earth are almost all caused by asteroid impacts. It is because of the existence of Jupiter that it gave life on Earth the opportunity to evolve.